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Have you ever been to Greyfriars Kirkyard in Edinburgh, Scotland? Was it as cool as it looks?

Have you ever been to Greyfriars Kirkyard in Edinburgh, Scotland? Was it as cool as it looks?
Ever since I first heard about it, I have wanted to go to Covenanter’s Prison. Are they still allowing tours?

Best answer:

Answer by Basement Bob
THE COVENANTERS were Scottish Presbyterians who signed the National Covenant in 1638 to confirm their opposition to the interference by the Stuart kings in the affairs of the Church of Scotland.
Charles I and II harboured the belief of the Divine Right of the Monarch. Not only did they believe that God wished them to be the infallible rulers of their kingdom – they also believed that they were the spiritual heads of the Church of Scotland. This latter belief could not be accepted by the Scots. No man, not even a king, could be spiritual head of their church. Only Jesus Christ could be spiritual head of a Christian church.
This was the nub of the entire Covenanting struggle. The Scots were, and would have been, loyal to the Stuart dynasty but for that one sticking point, and from 28 February 1638, when the NATIONAL COVENANT was first signed in Greyfriars Church, followed by copies throughout Scotland, until the Glorious Revolution – when Prince William of Orange made a bloodless invasion of Great Britain in 1688 – a great deal of suffering, torture, imprisonment, transportation and executions would ensue. This period of Scottish history became known as ‘the Fifty Years’ Struggle’
The Covenant had been prepared by Alexander Henderson and Archibald Johnston, with revisions by others. It was signed by thousands in the church, after which it was removed to the kirkyard where many more signatures were added.
There followed a period of very severe repression. Ministers with Covenanting sympathies were “outed” from their churches by the authorities, and had to leave their parishes. Many continued to preach at “conventicles” in the open air or in barns and houses. This became an offence punishable by death. Citizens who did not attend their local churches (which were now in the charge of Episcopalian “curates”) could be heavily fined, and such offenders were regarded as rebels, who could be questioned, even under torture. They could be asked to take various oaths, which not only declared loyalty to the king, but also to accept his as head of the church. Failure to take such an oath could result in summary execution by the muskets of the dragoons, who were scouring the districts looking for rebels.
The persecutions became more frequent and cruel on the Restoration of Charles II in 1660. As time went on more and more ordinary folk became involved, and skirmishes and battles took place against Government troops.
At the Battle of Bothwell Bridge, which took place on 22 June 1679, over 1200 prisoners were brought to Edinburgh, of which around 400 were held in Greyfriars Churchyard, in a spot now known as the COVENANTERS’ PRISON. They were kept their under guard for five winter months, with little more than four ounces of bread and water, and little shelter, before either being executed, transported abroad as slaves, or else were given their liberty on signing oaths of allegiance to the king. Many Covenanters died in the prison and were buried in Greyfriars kirkyard, in the spot traditionally reserved for criminals.
The original memorial commemorating the Covenanters was erected in 1706 by James Currie, who had suffered for the cause. The Town Council of Edinburgh had given him permission to erect a memorial with the proviso that ‘there be no inscription to be put upon the tomb but the sixth chapter of Revelation, verses 9, 10, and 11.’ When the present memorial was erected in 1771 by the mason Charles Fairnington, the original Bible was incorporated.

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Don Greenwood: Retired Episcopalian priest finds a calling

Profile of Don Greenwood, who has been successfully advocating for mentally ill inmates.

Conversion Story of Fr. Donald Calloway – former Episcopalian

Conversion Story of Fr. Donald Calloway - former Episcopalian

Fr. Donald Calloway said that a Filipino woman was instrumental in leading his mother to become Catholic – that Filipino women are “. . .God’s liitle agents …

Are Baptists christian?

Are Baptists christian?

or do they just have a water fetish

Best answer:

Answer by candii_jojo is a groovy chick.

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are episcopalian catholics with short c and protestants at the same time? how?

are episcopalian catholics with short c and protestants at the same time? how?
why are they protestants and at the same they consider catholic with short c?

Best answer:

Answer by PaulCyp
Episcopalians are offshoots of the Church of England, 100% Protestant, no connection at all to the true Christian Church.

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Are there any kind Scotsmen or Scotswomen who could read my History essay and tell me what to add? :)?

Are there any kind Scotsmen or Scotswomen who could read my History essay and tell me what to add? :)?
I’m an American college undergraduate (a senior), and I’m in an English Civil War graduate-level History course, and I need a bit of help on my term paper 🙂

The title of the essay is “Development of the Scottish Revolution to the Start of the First Bishop’s War”, and I have to add about five more pages of material to this essay (I have 15 pages down currently). Anyway, the essay is here:


What other events or people could I mention in this essay?
The essay itself can’t run into details of the First Bishops War itself…just everything that led up to that point.
In other words, what else can I mention?

Thank you very much!!!

Best answer:

Answer by Bob
Do you really think this is the appropriate category for critique requests for your degree? This is my understanding of events.

After 11 years without a Parliament, in which Charles dragged up old laws to raise money and built up the navy to protect his people, England became prosperous again through trade and science and its people became cultured and more literate. Charles initiated the draining of the fens, the Royal Mail postal service, and improved roads and laws to help the poor.

In 1636, Charles introduced a new prayer book for Scotland, with the aim of bringing it more in line with the English version. The new book was basically the English Prayer Book and was introduced, so the front page said, through Royal Prerogative. The Scots saw it as Catholic and Popish, due to the detailed and fine writing and beautiful decoration.

It was first used in 1637 at St Giles’s Cathedral where it caused an uproar and people bellowed that the Mass was amongst them. A stool was thrown at the minister reading it and in 1638, the whole nation had united to refuse this book. They signed a national covenant, which bound them all to their true and reformed religion, and not to the new prayer book.

The Scots abolished the Bishops that James I had managed to get them to accept, and reverted to full blown Presbyterianism. Charles prepared for war with Scotland to impose religious conformity and in 1639, arrived in York with 18,000 foot and 3000 horsemen. His good housekeeping over ten years had improved finances, though these troops were raw, untrained and not adequately armed and commanded.

The Scots were backed by the immense fire of religious fervour and were well trained, being 22,000 foot and 500 horsemen.

Charles’s men advanced to meet the Scots, but on seeing the numbers and conditions, retreated without fighting, while the Scots sent peace negotiators to the King.

The King’s money was now spent and he was preparing for another war with the Scots who refused to budge on their full Presbyterianism. He summoned a Parliament at Strafford’s insistence in 1640 and Charles showed them a letter from the Scots appealing for French Catholic aid, addressing the French King as their Sovereign. But Parliament was not interested.

They began drawing up a declaration of woes of the last 11 years and Charles even agreed to give up the ancient Ship Money he had been levying without their consent, in exchange for subsidies, but to no avail. As Charles said, he swore that all the profit from Ship Money had gone to the Royal Navy for protection against pirates and provided the proof.

The House of Lords sympathised, but Parliament continued debating and Charles reluctantly dissolved it.

The Scots, meanwhile, were pushing for the Covenant to be extended to England in their own act of forced conformity and wanted Archbishop Laud (the Archbishop of Canterbury) and the Earl of Strafford (who led the forces of Northern England) to be brought to justice. The 25,000 Scots prepared to cross the Tweed and Charles again left for York to defend England with his own devices and no aid from Parliament.

A small battle occurred at Newburn Ford where the English cavalry were scattered and Charles received a petition demanding a Parliament and punishment for the King’s advisors. In response, Charles made the Earl of Strafford a Knight of the Garter, the highest honour in the land. This reinforced his insistenced that he decided who his ministers were and whether they should stay or go.

But time was running out, money was spent again and the English army did not have the heart to fight and it dwindled away. Charles was forced to summon another Parliament in 1640.

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Why do Catholics defend Jehovah Witnesses when JW’s actually denounce Catholicism?

Why do Catholics defend Jehovah Witnesses when JW’s actually denounce Catholicism?
Jehovah Witnesses actually consider Catholics to be cultists due to prayer to Mary and the Saints.
Mark – Yeah many of them rant and rave about the evils of Catholicism. Once they get going they really get worked up.

Best answer:

Answer by Mark
I’m going to guess because education and science are FAR more common in Catholicism (I can think of at least twenty Catholic universities, but no JW universities, so applying logic to Jehovah’s Witnessing (“I don’t agree with their teachings, but they have a right to exist”) is common. And yes, JW’s REALLY REALLY don’t like Catholics, to the point if they come to your door all you have to do is say “I’m Catholic (or Episcopalian)”, and they’ll leave you alone.

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Episcopal Church question?

Episcopal Church question?
I am thinking about joining the Episcopal Church.

I was baptized and confirmed as a Presbyterian.

I read on an Episcopal website said that I would be “received” into the Church since I was already baptized and confirmed into another Christian denomination.

What exactly does “received” mean?

Thank you.

Best answer:

Answer by tiggynsuse
allowed LOL

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Why did the catholic church say that the SDA church was the only consistent protestant?

Why did the catholic church say that the SDA church was the only consistent protestant?
because we keep Saturday Sabbath and not Sunday

Catholic quote”
”The [Roman Catholic] Church changed the observance of the Sabbath to Sunday by right of the divine, infallible authority given to her by her founder, Jesus Christ. The Protestant claiming the Bible to be the only guide of faith, has no warrant for observing Sunday. In this matter the Seventh-day Adventist is the only consistent Protestant.” The Catholic Universe Bulletin, August 14, 1942, p. 4.

“If Protestants would follow the Bible, they would worship God on the Sabbath Day. In keeping the Sunday they are following a law of the Catholic Church.” Albert Smith, Chancellor of the Archdiocese of Baltimore, replying for the Cardinal, in a letter dated February 10, 1920.

The command to keep holy the seventh day is one of the ten commandments; you believe that the other nine are still binding; who gave you authority to tamper with the fourth? If you are consistent with your own principles, if you really follow the Bible and the Bible only, you ought to be able to produce some portion of the New Testament in which this fourth commandment is expressly altered.”” *Library of Christian Doctrine: Why Don’t You Keep Holy the Sabbath-Day? (London: Burns and Oates, Ltd.), pp. 3, 4.

“Protestants … accept Sunday rather than Saturday as the day for public worship after the Catholic Church made the change… But the Protestant mind does not seem to realize that … in observing Sunday, they are accepting the authority of the spokesman for the Church, the pope.” Our Sunday Visitor, February 5th, 1950

“There is nothing in Scripture that requires us to keep Sunday rather than Saturday as a holy day.” Harold Lindsell (editor), Christianity Today, Nov. 5, 1976

“We have made the change from the seventh day to the first day, from Saturday to Sunday, on the authority of the one holy, Catholic, Apostolic Church of Christ.” Bishop Symour, Why We keep Sunday.

“This ‘handwriting of ordinances’ our Lord did blot out, take away, and nail to His cross. (Colossians 2: 14.) But the moral law contained in the Ten Commandments, and enforced by the prophets, He did not take away…. The moral law stands on an entirely different foundation from the ceremonial or ritual law. …Every part of this law must remain in force upon all mankind and in all ages.”-JOHN WESLEY, “Sermons on Several Occasions,” 2-Vol. Edition, Vol. I, pages 221, 222.
Historic Denominational Statements on the Sabbath
@http://www.bible-reviews.com, i did provide a quote of that the Catholic church said, the very first statement.

The curse of the law is death (Romans 6:23). Christ tasted “death for every man.” Hebrews 2:9. Thus He redeemed all from the curse of the law (death) and in its place provided eternal life.
@Ross, we are 😀 .. we are more anti-catholic than anyone hehe:P
@Grey Tower, LOL JW literature haha, try read this, Mark of the beast? http://www.amazingfacts.org/free-stuff/bible-studies/study-guides/ctl/viewmedia/mid/453/iid/2-20/lng/en/sc/r.aspx?7=the-mark-of-the-beast.
but yah, we are anti-catholic, most SDA’s won’t admit it but it’s 100% true
but yah, we are anti-catholic, most SDA’s won’t admit it but it’s 100% true

Best answer:

Answer by Ross
Is SDA really a protestant church ?
i’d categorise it with LDS, JW etc.

What do you think? Put your answer below.

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